Terminology

ORIGINAL 

A unique one of a kind creation by the hands of the artist.

SILKSCREEN PRINT

Silkscreen printing or serigraphy is a technique for making exceptionally accurate fine-art prints, using hand cut, photographically or digitally made stencils.

It is the favoured technique of many fine artists for making multiples of their work, as the process allows them to have an exceptional amount of involvement of every stage in the process, so that the end product is more in the nature of an original work than a reproduction.

The screens used in silkscreen printing are now made from a polyester fine weave material, stretched over a rectangular frame. Areas of its surface are masked off with a non-permeable photostencil or painted out with a masking fluid. This forms a positive stencil - the areas not masked out are where the printed image will appear.

The image to be reproduced is separated out into individual colours, and a stencil is made for each colour by masking out the areas on the screen where you want the ink not to print.

This masked screen is then placed onto a dense, fairly thick paper. Coloured ink, colour-picked by the artist or mixed carefully to be identical to the original work, is pushed through the screen with a squeegee, leaving a sharp edged shape or shapes where the unmasked areas of screen are.

Individual screen stencils are made for each colour in the finished print, and printed one on top of the other until the image is complete.

Once the print is finished, the artist approves each copy, and authenticates it by signing and numbering it, either along the bottom of the image or on the back.

 

ARTIST PROOF

Occasionally you may come across a print that has the letters “AP” instead of an edition number. AP means that copy is an artist's proof - that is to say a proof printed before the numbered copies of the edition. AP copies are often retained by the artist to give to friends and family. They are usually signed, and will often have a number to indicate how many Artists’ Proofs were created. Some collectors prefer to obtain artist's proof copies as these can be more interesting and are rare in comparison to the numbered copies, and if they are inscribed with a message or dedicated by the artist, they can be very collectable and as such more expensive.

 

HAND FINISHING

A print or edition on which the artist hand applies a further medium. Typically gold leaf, spray paint or other types of paint making these more unique than a standard edition.

 

GICLEE PRINT

Produced from highest quality reproduction photography, Giclée, is used to describe a fine art digital printing process combining pigment based inks with high quality archival quality paper to achieve Giclée prints of superior archival quality, light fastness and stability.

The Giclée printing process involves squirting or spraying microscopic dots of pigment-based ink onto high quality art paper. The image is colour corrected to attain the closest possible match to the original. The digital information is fine tuned to the type of paper or surface on which the image is to be printed, further ensuring fidelity to the original.

 

AUTHENTICITY

Every painting is hand signed by the artist on the front with a second signature, title of the work and date it was completed on the reverse.

Every Limited Edition print is hand signed, numbered and stamped with a unique emboss by the artist.